This course surveys both theory and practice of health care from prehistoric times to the present day. Major topics will include herbalism, nutrition, childbirth, surgical procedures, pain management, sanitation, antibiotics, and mental illness. Perhaps the most important topic of all will be the history of disease, especially the Black Death and other pandemics. Special attention will be paid to the intersection of medicine and religion, the differences between allopathic and alternative forms of health care, and the historical roles of healers and health care institutions.